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    LSAT The PowerScore Digital LSAT Logic Games Bible 2020 Edition by David M. Killoran ( A comprehensive system for attacking the logic games section of the LSAT
    David M. Killoran

    Chapter One: Introduction
    Introduction ....................................................................................................................................3
    A Brief Overview of the LSAT ........................................................................................................5
    The Logical Reasoning Section ................................................................................................5
    The Analytical Reasoning Section ............................................................................................6
    The Reading Comprehension Section ......................................................................................6
    The Experimental Section.........................................................................................................6
    The Writing Sample...................................................................................................................6
    The LSAT Scoring Scale................................................................................................................7
    The LSAT Percentile Table ............................................................................................................7
    The Use of the LSAT......................................................................................................................8
    Chapter Two: Analytical Reasoning Basics
    The Analytical Reasoning Section ............................................................................................... 11
    The Scenario........................................................................................................................... 11
    The Rules................................................................................................................................13
    The Step Between the Rules and the Questions.........................................................................13
    Approaching the Games in General ............................................................................................14
    Setups and Diagramming ............................................................................................................15
    The Focus on Inferences ........................................................................................................16
    Your Main Diagram vs Individual Question Diagrams.............................................................16
    Erasing Work...........................................................................................................................18
    Reusing Work..........................................................................................................................18
    The Questions—Part 1 ................................................................................................................19
    Global Questions ....................................................................................................................19
    Local Questions ......................................................................................................................20
    The Range of Truth .................................................................................................................20
    Falsity and Modifiers ...............................................................................................................20
    Tracking the Nature of the Question .......................................................................................21
    Attacking the Section ...................................................................................................................22
    Chapter Two Quick Review..........................................................................................................24
    ii the powerscore lsat logic games bible Chapter Three: Linear Games
    The Concept of Linearity..............................................................................................................27
    One-to-One Relationships ......................................................................................................28
    Linear Base Representation Diagramming Drill...........................................................................29
    Rule Representation ....................................................................................................................36
    1. Variable Placement Rules........................................................................................................36
    Not LawsTM ..............................................................................................................................37
    Dual Options ...........................................................................................................................38
    Split Dual-Options ...................................................................................................................39
    Triple Options..........................................................................................................................39
    2. Fixed Position Rules ................................................................................................................40
    Left/Right Diagramming Terminology......................................................................................40
    Blocks .....................................................................................................................................42
    Split-Blocks .............................................................................................................................43
    Rotating Blocks .......................................................................................................................46
    Rotating Split-blocks ...............................................................................................................47
    Not-blocks ...............................................................................................................................48
    Verticality and Horizontality in Blocks .....................................................................................49
    3. Sequencing Rules....................................................................................................................50
    4. Conditional Rules.....................................................................................................................53
    Understanding Conditional Statements ..................................................................................57
    Identifying Conditional Statements .........................................................................................60
    The Unless EquationTM............................................................................................................62
    Conditional Rules in Linear Games ........................................................................................63
    Dead vs Active Rules...................................................................................................................65
    Conditional Rule Satisfaction ..................................................................................................65
    Conditional Reasoning Diagramming Drill ..............................................................................67
    Linear Games Rule Diagramming Drill ...................................................................................74
    Internal versus External Diagramming.........................................................................................81
    Making Inferences........................................................................................................................83
    1. Linkage ...............................................................................................................................83
    2. Rule Combinations..............................................................................................................86
    3. Restrictions .........................................................................................................................87
    Avoiding False Inferences.......................................................................................................91
    Balanced versus Unbalanced Games ........................................................................................94
    The Step Between Diagramming and the Questions...................................................................96
    Linear Setup Practice Drill ......................................................................................................97
    The Questions—Part 2 ..............................................................................................................124
    Global Questions ..................................................................................................................124
    Local Questions ....................................................................................................................124
    Global/Local Question Identification Drill ..............................................................................125
    the powerscore lsat logic games bible iii
    Truth and Logical Opposition ................................................................................................127
    Logical Opposition vs Polar Opposition ................................................................................131
    Could Be True vs Not Necessarily True ................................................................................133
    Logic Game Question Stems ................................................................................................134
    Falsity....................................................................................................................................135
    Question Stem Classification Drill.........................................................................................137
    Six Specific Question Types ......................................................................................................143
    1. List Questions ...................................................................................................................143
    2. Maximum/Minimum Questions..........................................................................................146
    3. “5 If” Questions .................................................................................................................148
    4. Justify Questions...............................................................................................................149
    5. Suspension Questions ......................................................................................................150
    6. Rule Substitution Questions..............................................................................................151
    Attacking the Questions.............................................................................................................152
    Learn from the Question Stem When Possible.....................................................................152
    Question Solution Strategies ................................................................................................154
    Solve for the Correct Answer ................................................................................................154
    Process of Elimination ..........................................................................................................155
    Hypotheticals ........................................................................................................................156
    Re-Using Information ............................................................................................................159
    Placing Diagrams.......................................................................................................................161
    Diagramming Local Questions..............................................................................................162
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................165
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Linear Games..............................................................................166
    Final Chapter Note.....................................................................................................................206
    Chapter Four: Advanced Linear Games
    Multiple Stacks...........................................................................................................................209
    Repeated Variable Sets ........................................................................................................ 211
    Diagramming with Multiple Stacks.............................................................................................212
    Linked Variable Set Rules.....................................................................................................212
    Internal Diagram Spacing .....................................................................................................215
    Side Not Laws.......................................................................................................................216
    Advanced Linear Setup Practice Drill ...................................................................................217
    Two Linear Inference Principles.................................................................................................225
    The Separation PrincipleTM....................................................................................................225
    The Overlap Principle ...........................................................................................................227
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................229
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Advanced Linear Games.............................................................230
    iv the powerscore lsat logic games bible Chapter Five: Grouping Games
    The Principle of Grouping ..........................................................................................................265
    The Number of Groups .........................................................................................................265
    Diagramming the Groups......................................................................................................266
    Unified Grouping TheoryTM .........................................................................................................268
    Group Definition ....................................................................................................................268
    Multiple Group Characteristics..............................................................................................270
    The Selection Pool................................................................................................................272
    The Relationship of the Selection Pool to the Group Size ....................................................273
    Grouping Games—Unified Grouping Theory Classification Drill...........................................275
    Diagramming the Rules .............................................................................................................278
    Advanced Conditional Reasoning..............................................................................................279
    Conditional Chains................................................................................................................279
    The Double-Not Arrow ..........................................................................................................280
    The Double Arrow .................................................................................................................282
    The Contrapositive in Grouping Games................................................................................284
    Multiple Sufficient and Necessary Conditions.......................................................................285
    Linear versus Grouping Symbolizations ...............................................................................288
    Grouping Games Rule Diagramming Drill.............................................................................290
    Making Inferences......................................................................................................................294
    Linkage .................................................................................................................................294
    Negative Grouping Rules......................................................................................................295
    Restrictions ...........................................................................................................................295
    Hurdle the UncertaintyTM........................................................................................................298
    Recycling Inferences.............................................................................................................300
    Avoiding False Inferences..........................................................................................................302
    Note ...........................................................................................................................................308
    Grouping Setup Practice Drill................................................................................................309
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................333
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Grouping Games .........................................................................334
    Chapter Six: Grouping/Linear Combination Games
    Working with the Combination of Major Principles.....................................................................377
    Grouping/Linear Combination Setup Practice Drill ...............................................................381
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................409
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Grouping/Linear Combination Games.........................................410
    the powerscore lsat logic games bible v
    Chapter Seven: Pure Sequencing Games
    Pure Sequencing Games...........................................................................................................425
    Pure Sequencing Diagramming Guidelines ..........................................................................426
    Pure Sequencing Diagramming Drill.....................................................................................432
    Conditional Sequencing.............................................................................................................437
    Standard Conditional Relationships......................................................................................437
    Mutually Exclusive Outcomes ...............................................................................................438
    Conditional Sequencing Diagramming Drill ..........................................................................442
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................445
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Pure Sequencing Games ............................................................446
    Chapter Eight: The Forgotten Few
    Three Rare Game Types ...........................................................................................................465
    Pattern Games...........................................................................................................................466
    The Linear Component .........................................................................................................466
    Non-Variable-Specific Rules and Setups ..............................................................................466
    Pattern Generation................................................................................................................469
    How to Identify Pattern Games .............................................................................................471
    How to Attack Pattern Games...............................................................................................472
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................473
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Pattern Games ............................................................................474
    Circular Linearity Games ...........................................................................................................491
    Circular Linearity Mini-Drill ....................................................................................................494
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Circular Linearity Games.............................................................500
    Mapping Games.........................................................................................................................508
    Attacking Mapping Games....................................................................................................509
    The Grouping Element.......................................................................................................... 511
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Mapping Games ..........................................................................512
    vi the powerscore lsat logic games bible Chapter Nine: Advanced Features and Techniques
    Two Difficult Question Types......................................................................................................521
    Justify Questions...................................................................................................................521
    Rule Substitution Questions..................................................................................................528
    Numerical Distributions..............................................................................................................539
    Creating Distributions Systematically....................................................................................541
    Fixed versus Unfixed Distributions........................................................................................544
    Numerical Distribution Identification and Use .......................................................................545
    Final Pre-Drill and Game Note...................................................................................................548
    Numerical Distribution Identification Drill ..............................................................................549
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Numerical Distribution Games.....................................................552
    Limited Solution Set Games ......................................................................................................566
    Identify the TemplatesTM..............................................................................................................567
    Identify the PossibilitiesTM ...........................................................................................................568
    How to Recognize Limited Solution Set Games ........................................................................569
    The Dangers of Misapplication .............................................................................................571
    Final Pregame Note...................................................................................................................571
    Official LSAT Logic Games—Identify the TemplatesTM and Identify the PossibilitiesTM Games .....572
    Chapter Ten: Section Strategy and Management
    Approaching the Section Strategically .......................................................................................603
    Time Management ................................................................................................................603
    Doing Fewer Games .............................................................................................................604
    Using a Timer.............................................................................................................................606
    Pacing Guidelines......................................................................................................................608
    Question Attack Strategies.........................................................................................................610
    Limited Time Strategies .............................................................................................................613
    The Answer Choices..................................................................................................................615
    Filling in the ovals .................................................................................................................615
    Three in a row? .....................................................................................................................616
    Guessing Strategy .....................................................................................................................616
    Test Readiness ..........................................................................................................................619
    The day before the test .........................................................................................................619
    The morning of the test .........................................................................................................619
    At the test center...................................................................................................................620
    After the test..........................................................................................................................621
    Final Note...................................................................................................................................622
    the powerscore lsat logic games bible vii
    Logic Games ReChallenge
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #1 ............................................................................................627
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #2 ............................................................................................637
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #3 ............................................................................................647
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #4 ............................................................................................657
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #5 ............................................................................................667
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #6 ............................................................................................677
    Logic Games ReChallenge Set #7 ............................................................................................687
    Appendices
    Appendix One: Comprehensive Game Classification................................................................697
    Appendix Two: Consolidated Answer Key .................................................................................699
    Appendix Three: Flawed Setups: Checks, X’s, and O’s ............................................................705
    Glossary and Index
    Alphabetical Glossary and Index ...............................................................................................
     
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